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Xi Jinping’s Marco Polo Strategy

By Joseph S. Nye, Jr. CAMBRIDGE – Last month, Chinese President Xi Jinping presided over a heavily orchestrated “Belt and Road” forum in Beijing. The two-day event attracted 29 heads of state, including Russia’s Vladimir Putin, and 1,200 delegates from over 100 countries. Xi called China’s Belt and Road Initiative Read more…

Information Warfare Versus Soft Power

[:en] By Joseph S. Nye, Jr. CAMBRIDGE – Russia’s interference in the 2016 US presidential election, and its suspected hacking of French President Emmanuel Macron’s campaign servers, should surprise no one, given President Vladimir Putin’s (mis)understanding of soft power. Before his re-election in 2012, Putin told a Moscow newspaper that Read more…

A Normative Approach to Preventing Cyberwarfare

  By Joseph S. Nye, Jr. CAMBRIDGE – A series of episodes in recent years – including Russia’s cyber interventions to skew the United States’ 2016 presidential election toward Donald Trump, the anonymous cyber-attacks that disrupted Ukraine’s electricity system in 2015, and the “Stuxnet” virus that destroyed a thousand Iranian Read more…

Donald Trump’s Dark Art of the Tweet

  By Joseph S. Nye, Jr. CAMBRIDGE – President Donald Trump’s critics have consistently underestimated his political communication skills, perhaps because he is so different from predecessors such as Franklin D. Roosevelt and Ronald Reagan. Both FDR and Reagan, after all, were known as “great communicators.” Although large segments of Read more…

The Kindleberger Trap

[:en]By Joseph S. Nye, Jr. CAMBRIDGE – As US President-elect Donald Trump prepares his administration’s policy toward China, he should be wary of two major traps that history has set for him. The “Thucydides Trap,” cited by Chinese President Xi Jinping, refers to the warning by the ancient Greek historian Read more…

The Kremlin and the US Election

By Joseph S. Nye,  Jr. CAMBRIDGE – In early November, US President Barack Obama reportedly contacted Russian President Vladimir Putin personally to warn against cyber attacks aimed at the American presidential election. The previous month, the Director of National Intelligence, James Clapper, and Jeh Johnson, the Secretary of Homeland Security, Read more…

Donald Trump’s Foreign-Policy Challenges

By Joseph S. Nye, Jr. CAMBRIDGE – During his campaign, US President-elect Donald Trump questioned the alliances and institutions that undergird the liberal world order, but he spelled out few specific policies. Perhaps the most important question raised by his victory is whether the long phase of globalization that began Read more…

Putting the Populist Revolt in Its Place

[:en]By Joseph S. Nye, Jr. CAMBRIDGE – In many Western democracies, this is a year of revolt against elites. The success of the Brexit campaign in Britain, Donald Trump’s unexpected capture of the Republican Party in the United States, and populist parties’ success in Germany and elsewhere strike many as Read more…

Trump’s Emotional Intelligence Deficit

[:en]Trump’s Emotional Intelligence Deficit By Joseph S. Nye, Jr. CAMBRIDGE – Last month, 50 former national security officials who had served at high levels in Republican administrations from Richard Nixon to George W. Bush published a letter saying they would not vote for their party’s presidential nominee, Donald Trump. In Read more…

Internet or Splinternet?

[:en]Internet or Splinternet? By Joseph S. Nye, Jr. CAMBRIDGE – Who owns the Internet? The answer is no one and everyone. The Internet is a network of networks. Each of the separate networks belongs to different companies and organizations, and they rely on physical servers in different countries with varying Read more…